Monday, April 2, 2012

KETENTUAN MENGGUNAKAN KATA KERJA

Untuk jenis kalimat yang tidak menggunakan kata kerja (Nominal), atau kata kerjanya menerangkan kejadian yang sedang berlangsung (Continuous), maka kalimatnya harus menggunakan to be . Tetapi bila kita mau menggunakan kata kerja dan kata kerjanya tidak menerangkan kejadian yang “sedang belangsung" maka kalimatnya tidak boleh menggunakan “to be”. Tetapi harus diingat bahwa kata kerjanya untuk subject “he, she, it” harus + ES. Perhatikan bentuk-bentuk kata kerja berikut ini!
Contoh :

                       They, We, I, You                            He, She, it
  
                      (V1) kata kerja dasar                      (V1+S/ES)

                        want                                       wants            = ingin
                        like                                          likes              = suka
                        need                                       needs            = perlu
                        have                                       has                = punya
                              see                                          sees               = melihat
Contoh :
                             They want apples              He wants apples
                             We like apples                  She likes apples
                             You have a book                He has a book
                             I have a pen                       My brother has a pen              
                             We need new books         Your sister needs new books
                             We see you again              My father sees me here

    Cara mengubah menjadi Bertanya dan Negative dan Jawabannya

  1. Bila kalimat positivenya ada TOBE : is, am, are maka di dalam kalimat bertanya To Be nya pindah kedepan kalimat dan di dalam kalimat negative, to benya ditambah NOT.
                                                                                Tanya – Jawab

Contoh :   1.  That is my book.                           A : Is this your book?
                      Is that my book ?                          B : Yes, this is my book /
                      That is not my book.                           No, this is not my book
                 2.  Your house is big.                        
                      Is your house big ?                        A : Are you reading a
                                                                                  magazine?
                     Your house is not big.                    B : Yes, I am reading a
                                                                                          magazine /
                 3.  Rini is cooking rice now                      No, I am not reading a
                                                                                         magazine
                      Is Rini cooking rice now ?
                      Rini is not cooking rice now           A : Is Rini cooking rice?
                 4.  His father is reading a book            B : Yes, she is cooking rice /
                      Is his father reading a book ?                No, she is not cooking
                      His father is not reading a book.                  rice

  1. Bila kalimat positivenya tidak ada To Be : is, am, are, maka di dalam kalimat bertanya dan negative harus di bantu dengan DO atau Does  diikuti V1 (kata dasar).
              “DO”          untuk    they, we, I, you.
              “DOES”      untuk    he, she, it.                    

  1. Di dalam kalimat bertanya, DO/DOES nya di tempatkan di depan kalimat dan berarti “Apakah ….?”
  2. Di dalam kalimat negative, DO/DOES di tambah “NOT” dan berarti “Tidak
Contoh :

            1.  They like apples
                 Do they like apples ?
                 They do not like apples

2.      He wants a book
            Does he want a book?
            He does not want a book

3.      Her mother needs a knife
            Does her mother need a knife?
            Her mother does not need a knife

 Cara menjawab pertanyaan yang dimulai dengan Do atau Does

Perhatikan contoh-contoh berikut ini :
                                                                               Jawaban singkat :
A : Do they like coffee?
B : Yes, they like coffee                                             Yes, they do
      No, they do not like coffee                                  No, they don’t

A : Does he like tea?
B : Yes, he likes tea                                                    Yes, he does
      No, he does not like coffee                                  No, he doesn’t

A : Do you want a book?
B : Yes, I want a book                                                 Yes, I do
     No, I do not want a book                                       No, I don’t

A : Does the boy like milk?
B : Yes, he likes milk                                                   Yes, he does
      No, he does not like milk                                      No, he doesn’t

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